Aranzadi Park, located in Pamplona, Spain designed by aldayjover architecture and landscape, The design worked a delicate balance between the centennial orchards, the people and the new floodable spaces that offer relief to the river while avoiding damages and generating new and rich wetlands. It is recognized internationally as a model example of the relation between river floodplains and public spaces.
“Restore the dynamism of a natural meander, in terms of its environmental role with the river corridor what means working the vegetation, wildlife and hydropower. We seek a balance between the needs of high-quality space for citizenship, river dynamics, agricultural exploitation of local varieties recovered by organic farming and environmental role.” – Aldayjover
The park’s first phase was completed in 2013 with the recovery of vegetable gardens – for social use, species preservation and education of the public – plus the creation of a floodable forest and paths, piazzas and connections with the city of Pamplona.
Forty-four per cent of the world’s population lives within 150 kilometres of a coastline, which means that most cities face the realities of climate change with a foreboding sense of urgency. We now know dikes and levees don’t always work, and, slowly, the concept of absorbent landscapes are taking hold. In 2013, Aldayjover Architecture and Landscape of Barcelona completed the kind of porous environment that is destined to become a model for others to follow.
For several years, the Arga river’s unpredictability has threatened the city of Pamplona in northern Spain – especially along its most prominent meander, a two-hectare nub at the edge of the old city, almost entirely surrounded by a tight channel. Over the years, flash floods have made the land undesirable, except to a few local farmers. But Aranzadi Park now offers the public many reasons to visit, with more forested areas and established bike routes and paths. Most importantly, the landscape is designed to suck up flood residue by creating a “river landscape” within it.
Among the various features is the water’s edge, which has been widened and filled with filtering bushes, close to the ground so the views are maintained. Trees have also been added to the existing riparian forest to help firm up the soil. Now a floodable zone, the forest further accommodates the Arga, while former dikes, which have been turned into bridges across shallow basins, are ready to be filled with seasonal rain. What was once a neglected corner of a historic city, known for its running of the bulls, is now home to restaurants serving up farmed produce, including the local specialty: crispilla lettuce.
Aldayjover Architecture and Landscape:
This is an unusual place, a beautiful meandering between Pamplona and old neighborhoods of Rochapea and Chantrea with a landscape of gardens and vegetation of beautiful specimens yet settled, in a suitable climate for the development of a splendid park to the public. Rebalance the position of strength with which man has been linked with the environment looking for a balance and a covenant is the ultimate goal of this proposal.
Environmental Public Park:
This is a unique and sensitive site in terms of different requirements that must be addressed. We propose to restore the dynamism of a natural meander, in terms of its environmental role with the river corridor what means working the vegetation, wildlife and hydropower. We seek a balance between the needs of high-quality space for citizenship, river dynamics, crop exploitation of local varieties recovered by organic farming and environmental role of the park in the hallway of Arga.
A River Landscape:
Based on the pre-existing and doing a thorough analysis of the micro-topography of Aranzadi meander, we deduce and understand its hydraulic logic in flooding, suggesting that the park work with the functionality of the Arga River when the water flow increases, decreasing slightly the frequency of flooding of the gardens while simultaneously creating a river landscape within the park, a natural subject to the seasonal dynamics of flood water. Water is landscape in the park.
A new landscape from its history. Matter of memory and future:
We start with the certainty that the landscape exists, lies in its behavior and its history. We propose a strategy for enhancement of the potential and the traces of the place. The territory has in its settings and behavior a past which is the basis for its future.
Project name: Aranzadi Park
Location: Calle Vuelta de Aranzadi, s/n, 31014 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
Coordinates: 42.826392, -1.640896
Type: Park, Riverside
Program: Municipal Public Park
Project Area: 20.000 sqm (20 ha)
- MATERIAL EXECUTION BUDGET – 5,426,590 €
- CONTRACTED EXECUTION BUDGET – 6,457,642 €
Date of Execution: 2010-2012
Client / Owner / Developer: Pamplona Municipality
Landscape Architects: Aldayjover Architecture and Landscape – Av. Portal de l’Àngel 3-5, 1º 2ª, 34-08002 BARCELONA, Spain
- Iñaki Alday, Margarita Jover, autor arch.; Catalina Salvà, coordinator arch.; Jesús Arcos, Teresa Baldó, Marta Castañé, Marilena Lucivero, Andreu Meixide, Susana Mitjans, Hector Ortín, Raquel Villa, collaborator arch.; Júlia Salvia, arch. student Cecilia Vinyolas (documentation) Davide Vason (infographics) Roser Vives Delàs (landscape & agronomy) David Garcia, Consultores BIS Arquitectos (structures) Maurici Ginés, Artec3 (lighting) Ernesto Calvo, PyP (systems) Jochen Scheerer, ASEPMA (purification) David Maruny, ABM (hydráulics) Fernando Benedicto, Benedicto Gestión de Proyectos (budget)
Text Description: © Courtesy of Aldayjover Architecture and Landscape, AZURE Magazine’s Awards
Images: © Aldayjover Architecture and Landscape, Artec3, Eduardo Berian, Pedro Pegenaute, postarchitectural