Bodrum International Airport
Bodrum International Airport, Turkey, designed by Tabanlioglu Architects, has won the ‘World’s Best Transport Building’ Award at the prestigious World Architecture Festival (WAF) Awards 2012. The building was selected by a jury of some of the world’s most dynamic architectural and urban designers. It overcame competition from a shortlist of 8 entries.
“The complexity of the airport brief is resolved with openness and clarity. The interior spaces and their careful detailing provide a unique identity to this building.” – The jury commended the project, saying
Located in Turkey, Bodrum International Airport is a transition point between regional effects. The airport is 40km to Bodrum center and 8km to Gulluk which is the closest sea coast, and located between the present domestic and international terminals, parallel to the apron. The building consisting of two main structures, the “air side” and “land side” which provides an environment for passengers to be rid of the pressure and monotony of travelling, and at the same time, allows the airport to become a unique icon significant to the region it represents.
Design and Construction:
Designed to improve efficiency of airport operations and upgrade comfort and convenience for travelers, Tabanlioglu Architects of Istanbul recently launched their latest design project, Bodrum International Airport.
A monumental contribution to urban aesthetic, the new 455,000 m² facility includes state-of-the-art passenger facilities, security systems, retail areas, airline lounges, and glass-sided aerobridges linking passengers throughout the terminals.
Completed in only 15 months and newly opened facility consists of two main structures, namely the “air side”, a transparent glass and steel linear scaffold to which the planes connect and the “land side”, that being the terminal building.
The arrivals area is located on the ground level while the departures area is on the upper level and can be accessed directly via a flyover from the open car-park as well as two towers linked to the flyover. All the mechanical systems and storage areas are located on the ground floor to keep the roof clear as it is within view of the air traffic as well as to enhance the view of the terminal from overhead at night particularly on account of the rooflights.
Steel columns that carry roof trusses and the roof form the main structure of the building. This has helped minimise the use of columns in the interior areas, enhancing the spaciousness of the terminal building. Load-bearing columns are left as exposed concrete for aesthetic purposes.
The suspended ceiling, designed by Tabanlioglu Architects especially for Bodrum Airport, consists of aluminium rods in the shape of reeds, resembling a weaving loom that symbolises the carpet weaving industry of the region.
“The basic motif of the ceiling is derived by the combination of four different modules, each weighing only 3.5 kg. The light weight of the textured material that hides the mechanical systems such as ventilation, electricity, fire sprinklers and lighting facilitates maintenance of the facility,”
Passenger comfort and convenience has also been accorded a high priority. While the design of the primary elements of the terminal focuses on ensuring easy circulation, clear directions and efficient organisation, the secondary elements and finishes aim to create an atmosphere that promotes relaxation and a holiday spirit. A total of 33 check-in counters, waiting areas, cafés and toilets are conveniently located as are tourist coach facilities for arriving passengers. The duty-free area and the connected restaurant section receive natural light that filters through the suspended ceiling.
Passenger-friendly seats – purpose-designed by Tabanlioglu in co-operation with Nurus, a Turkish designer furniture brand – are strategically placed to ensure passenger comfort for reclining between flights. Additional features include four terraces on the land and air sides that allow passengers to enjoy an outdoor setting despite being within the controlled environment.
Bodrum airport is a transition point between regional effects. The airport is 40km to Bodrum center and 8km to Gulluk which is the closest sea coast. The building is located between the present domestic and international terminals, parallel to the apron.
The building consists of two main structures, namely, the “air side”, a transparent glass and steel linear scaffold to which the planes connect and the terminal building at the “land side”. Two structures intersect where the passengers leave the “national” area, emphasizing the passage.
On the south, in the terminal entrance/exit side, partially screen printed sheer glass and opaque glass applied and local natural stone wall in east and west directions of the building.
Thanks to the special extra clear glass use at the north direction of the apron side, overlooking landing and takeoff of aircraft, and the scenery of the meadows up to mountains can be viewed behind the uninterrupted glass, hence a holistic internal-external relation is provided. At south, east and west directions of the air side, the use of serigraphic glass allows daylight in a controlled manner; mild veil effect supports temperature control.
The passengers reach to the departure hall using the viaduct with a direct access from the open car park, and via two towers on the viaduct. Wide column shafts (24 meters) of viaducts grant daylight to diffuse into interiors; wide open scenery rid of columns enables a clean view.
There are meeting desks for incoming passengers, waiting areas, café, WC and kiosks for immediate needs next to the towers; the organization enables the tourist coaches to meet the passengers comfortably.
Composition of secondary elements and finishes create the atmosphere of holidays and soothe the passengers, whereas the primary elements have clear directions and a strong official organization proving easy circulation of passengers within the terminal.
Steel columns, that carry roof trusses and the roof, form the main structure of the building; therefore minimum column use in the interiors provides uninterrupted and spacious areas. Load bearing columns, left as exposed concrete for aesthetic purposes, grant a feeling of safety. The sense of wealth created with minimum use of columns, high ceilings and optimum daylight received through sides and roof in the interiors relieves the tension of journeys event at the most depressing straits such as the security search and passport check points.
The suspended ceiling, designed by Tabanlioglu Architects especially for Bodrum Airport, consists of aluminum rods in the shape of reeds that refer to local sources and weaving loom of the region. Basic motive is derived by the combination of 4 different modules, each weights only 3.5 kg. Besides the first application process, the light weight of the material facilitates the maintenance process. Texture of the ceiling hides mechanical systems, such as ventilation, electricity, fire sprinklers and lighting. With a reference to Bodrum sea, deep blue reflection behind the slits enriches the 3-dimentional effect. In the terminal, where the net height is 9 meters, natural light diffuses through the 18 light holes filtered through the suspended ceiling.
Besides the ceiling height and the continuity provided by aluminum elements, the use of local black marble (mined and processed in Yatagan, 40 kilometers from site) on the floors increases the effect of continuity and depth in the terminal. The integrity and one-piece impression is enriched by the harmony of material, supported by the natural stone and glass on the exterior façade, as well.
Passenger friendly seats, designed by Tabanlioglu in corporation with Nurus, especially for Bodrum Airport, comfortable for even laying down, placed at all areas; that relax and soothe passengers between flights.
In an air¬port where thou¬sands of vis¬i¬tors takes a in-dept case study of the visual envi¬ron¬ment, design and placement of airport signs & wayfind¬ing sys¬tems guides the travelers stream smoothly.
Four terraces at land and air sides provide passengers the opportunity to be at open air even after controlled entrance to the building.
At building entrance, thanks to double direction circulation provided from the first control point, intensity of the flow is balanced; this scheme enables the administration to keep one wing as a reserve capacity during low season, in order to lower the maintenance and operation cost.
In the terminal which hosts 8 bridges, one of the bridges serve with double blowers that enable connection of large airliners. Accessing the terminal and aircrafts by the glass bridges, the passengers pass over a green landscape arranged with banana and olive trees, daphnia and paper flower, all favorable for Bodrum climate.
In order to keep clear and simple the roof arrangement, which can be watched from the flowing traffic coming from Bodrum and also from the air, the mechanical systems placed in the basement store, therefore the night effect of roof lights are enhanced.
Capacity of the airport, which was 1.5 million passengers per year, increased to 8 million, and 5 million passengers is expected at the first stage.
There is an open park area with a capacity of 114 buses and 426 cars, of which a large part is reserved for tour buses meeting passengers as the airport generally receives charter flights.
Bodrum International Airport is planned in the most effective fashion in terms of technical infrastructure as a mechanical structure; the use of local materials supports the environmental harmony of the structure and made the construction feasible and facilitated the construction process.
Defined as “non-place” according to Marc Augé, the terminal building is one of the most typical examples of standard spaces you can see all around the world. Although such buildings are accepted to be the embodiment of globalization and super-modernity, Bodrum Airport aims to get rid of the pressure and monotony created by compulsory standards and becomes a special spot, not only for travel, but also significant to the region it connects.
Project name: Bodrum International Airport
Location: Bodrum, Milas, Turkey
Coordinates: 37.242648, 27.677174
Type: Terminal / Station
Capacity: 5 million passenger capacity international terminal building
Site Area: 455,000 sqm
Construction Area: 100,967 sqm
Project Year: 2010-2012
Start Date: 2009
Completion Year: 2012
Client / Owner / Developer: Astaldi S.p.A, Italy
Architects: Tabanlioglu Architects, Mesrutiyet Cad no:67, 34430 Beyoğlu, Istanbul, Turkey
Environmental Engineer: Tabanlioglu Architects
Structural Engineer: Emir Engineering
Services: Project Management Concultancy
Text Description: © Courtesy of Tabanlioglu Architects, worldbuildingsdirectory, gulfconstructionworldwide, saudigazette
Images: © Murat Germen, Tabanlioglu Architects