Ferry Terminal Buildings Strömkajen
The new terminal buildings at Strömkajen in Stockholm, designed by Marge Arkitekter AB, was completed in 2013. Marge Arkitekter AB has created architecture with its own identity that simultaneously subordinates itself to the surrounding buildings. The idea was to create buildings with no back side, in a scale and with a design, more like a piece of furniture or a sculpture, than a traditional building.
The terminal buildings for the archipelago ferries are situated at Strömkajen – one of Stockholm´s most frequently visited areas. It is the departure point for ferries to the archipelago as well as the sightseeing boats that circulate around Stockholm. Strömkajen is situated in the middle of the historic National Heritage center of Stockholm. The National Heritage site is defined by the waterfront and the important monumental facades surrounding the sea. It is surrounded by some of the most prominent buildings in Stockholm, the Grand Hotel, the National Museum of Art and the Royal Palace. The city requested that the new ferry terminal buildings become modest and small so as not to compete with the surrounding context.
The quayside has historically been a central place for transportation of goods to and from Stockholm. During the late 20th century the shipping of goods declined and was replaced by traffic and parking. The site became highly frequented by tourists and commuter traffic. We initially saw the possibility to transform the sunny, but inhospitable quayside to a public place where people could stay and experience a unique view of Stockholm.
The geometry of the buildings derives from the concept of framing, inspired from the large number of tourists capturing memories of the waterfront views with their cameras. The buildings’ basic form, the cone, frames views of the surroundings. To meet the demand of a larger and more complex program, the “cones” are combined and added to each other, resulting in three expressive buildings. Every building is unique but together they create a cohesive expression representing the boat traffic of Strömkajen.
The quayside, both as an exposed site by the sea and its relevance to the tourist season, dictates a small construction zone and a short production time on site. The solution became a prefabricated concrete frame as a non-organic structure that considers the harsh seaside climate. As the buildings are mostly visited during the summer period the interior spaces need to be cooled. A desirable indoor climate is achieved by the thermal mass of the concrete together with a geothermal cooling system.
The facades and roof are covered with burnished Tombak, a brass alloy. The material has a historic relation to boats and ferries and the darker burnished finish allows the terminal buildings to blend in with the lower level rustication of the monumental facades. The material gradually evolves from a more golden surface, to a darker brown-purple metal, gaining a weathered patina over time.
The use of Tombak on the roof and facade is also a way of taking care of storm water and handling other functional issues without the need of archetypical building details such as guttering and drain pipes. The storm water runs from roof to facade and on to the pavement, which serves as a neutralizer of harmful copper-ions, before running into the drain. The unified use of material enhances the sculptural reading of the buildings.
- Closest to the bridge Strömbron the terminal for Strömma is to be found. The company Waxholmsbolaget has kept its former position outside the Grand Hôtel. The third building contains warehouse and recycling center for the boats and to add a public use it has been complemented with a café area and an outlook stairway. From the stairway you can take a magnificent picture of the castle or just sit in the sun and enjoy the view over the old city of Stockholm.
June 2013 saw the opening of Marge Arkitekter’s new terminal buildings at Strömkajen in Stockholm. The buildings serve travellers heading to the Stockholm archipelago and are located in one of the city’s most visited areas. The site’s central location opposite the Royal Palace, next to the Grand Hotel and the National Art Gallery and in close proximity to Skeppsholmen’s museums results in a considerable flow of tourists into the area.
The design is based on an elementary form – the cone, framing different views over the water. The cones are combined in different ways to meet the demands of the different businesses, resulting in buildings with no specific fronts or backs. Each building is unique but together they create a cohesive expression for the boat and pedestrian traffic of Strömkajen.
Exterior facades are covered with burnished Tombak, a brass alloy. The interiors are made of rough sawn oak. Glass parts by the waiting hall and the selling area are drawn back to give rain shelter and to provide space for facade displaying. Due to the construction of the buildings a precise expression has been created where guttering and drain pipes can be avoided.
The terminal buildings are scaled down in relation to the surrounding architecture. The design’s priority is to maintain free views of the Royal Palace from Stallgatan and Grevgränd and to highlight the monumental edifices on Blasieholmen.
The project consists of three new buildings, two terminals for Strömma/Stockholm Sightseeing and for Waxholmsbolaget and one building with a café, viewing steps, store room and a recycling station. From the steps one can take a picture of the royal palace or just sit in the sun and enjoy the magnificent view over the old city of Stockholm.
Project name: Ferry Terminal Buildings Strömkajen
Location: Strömkajen, Stockholm, Sweden
Coordinates: 59.329463, 18.074709
Type: Terminal / Station
Total Floor Area: 322 sqm
Project Year: 2007-2013
Completion Year: 2013
Client / Owner / Developer: Ports of Stockholm
Architects: Marge Arkitekter – Repslagargatan 15A, SE 118 46 Stockholm, Sweden
Tenant: Waxholmsbolaget, Strömma Kanalbolaget
Text Description: © Courtesy of Marge Arkitekter
Images: © Marge Arkitekter, Johan Fowelin, flickr-Anders Bengtsson, flickr-Stockholms Hamnar