Housing development Rasu Namai
Paleko Arch Studija and Plazma Architekturos Studija completed Rasu Namai,The housing development comprises 18 contemporary homes. Located in Lithuania’s Pavilniai Regional Park north of Vilnius, Clad in timber planks of varying textures and topped with steeply pitched roofs, the dwellings combine traditional vernacular influences with a contemporary aesthetic. The 2 and 3-storey houses comprise apartments and houses ranging in size from 42 to 190 sqm.
Rasu Namai is a residential quarter consisting of ordinary 18 houses in Pavilniai regional park of Vilnius. A 7000 sq. m. plot of land in the cul-de-sac of Rasu street features a tall tree wooded slope with a northern orientation, 1920s ammunition vaults on the higher ground and a narrow creek on lower levels. The main design challenges were: an extremely narrow site with cross height difference, lack of sun and affection to historical objects. The key answer to it lay in the duality: ELEVATED + LOWERED.
“Buildings, located in the higher part of the plot are ELEVATED on columns with an intention to “catch the sun” and to unveil the walls of historical ammunition vaults and to avoid conflict with the LOWERED buildings having terraces on the creek. Houses are clad in wood planks with different textures.” – Paleko Arch Studija
The idea to raise the upper houses on metal stilts required the use of concrete structures while other elements of the project employs local, traditional building materials such as clay brickwork and wooden roof structures. The facades are clad in Siberian larch harvested in the nearby areas and initially patinated to keep it as much maintenance free as possible. The compact size of the building decrease heat losses as well as provide easy accessibility to every element if repair is necessary. The relation between local nature, historical objects, textures and the new structures might be considered as an aspect of non-energetic sustainability.
Paleko Arch Studija & PLAZMA:
The buildings in the higher part of the plot are elevated on slender columns in order to „catch the sun“ and leave the walls of historical vaults undisturbed. Meanwhile the buildings down the slope are lowered and provided with the yards on the creek bank.
8 ELEVATED houses are designed along the street in the southern part of the plot. These buildings are set between the retaining walls of the ammunition vaults or placed above their cornices. These buildings are paired around outside staircases. The houses are elevated to ensure the free access to the historical vaults and their visibility from the street. The pairs of houses correspond to the pairs of entrances to the vaults. These houses have regular plans, traditional pitched roofs and are rotated according to the orientation of the vaults‘ facades.
The northern side of the street is shaped by the intermittent perimeter of LOWERED houses. 10 separate buildings with regular plans and pitched roofs connect two terraces: the bank of the creek and the street. Due to the difference of terrain they seem to be 1 storey high from the street and two storey high when observed from the lower terrace. Retaining walls between the houses separate the places for cars on the street level and private terraces below.
Traditional archetypical silhouette of the buildings is supplemented by moderate contemporary details and elements. Shapes are lightened by abstract volumes of bay windows and skylights. The complex of houses is harmonized by uniform materialization: buildings are clad in wood planks of several different textures, influenced by local traditions. Homogenous architectural details, scale and color of the buildings enhance the idea of unity even further.
The perspective of the street is not obstructed, but rather extending into the valley of Ribiskes landscape reserve.
Project name: Rasu Namai
Location: Pavilniai Regional Park, Rasų g. 56, Vilnius 11351, Lithuania
Coordinates: 54.662544, 25.315290
Program: Collective housing
Total floor area: 7,219 sqm
Usable floor area: 2,890 sqm
Project Period: 2013-2015
Client / Owner / Developer: Contestus – J. Jasinskio gatvė 16B, Vilnius 03163, Lithuania
- Paleko Arch Studija – A.Goštauto 8-107, Vilnius, Lithuania
- PLAZMA Architekturos Studija – T. Ševčenkos g. 16A, Vilnius 03111, Lithuania
- Paleko Arch Studija Team: Rolandas Palekas, Bartas Puzonas, Petras Isora
- PLAZMA Team: Rytis Mikulionis, Gytis Vaitkevičius, Povilas Daugis
Project Architect: Akvilė Brazauskaitė
Construction company: Contestus
Structural Engineer: Constr
Text Description: © Courtesy of Paleko Arch Studija & PLAZMA
Images: © Paleko Arch Studija & PLAZMA, Norbert Tukaj