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JST Malaysia’s Factory on the earth

Factory on the earth, An extension of an existing factory, this project in Johor aims to use the power of nature — rainwater, sunlight, wind, geothermal heat and vegetation — to minimise carbon emission. Designed by Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates as a sustainable factory, a large green roof doubles as a green platform that allows the surrounding forest to continue to flourish. Rainwater is collected into an underground water tank through pipes embedded in pillars within the factory. This water is used to water the plants. The building’s facade incorporates a system of wired vines that both shields the faade from solar heat and serves as a vertical green wall.

JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-02-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x603 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa


JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-04-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x955 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa

The factory extension interweaves Islamic stylistic references with sustainable practices as effortlessly as the vines that scurry up the facade to the green roof. A variety of earth-friendly features, such as the aforementioned green roof, geothermal power and rainwater collection come together in this elegant tower, capped with a woven dome that offers a serene space amid the industrial campus. It’s a surprisingly natural extension to a electrical connectors manufacturing facility.

JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-06-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x619 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa


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© Kaori Ichikawa

Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates:

This project is an extension of the existing factory, reclaiming ground adjacent to the jungle in Johor, Malaysia. The factories in the 19th century gave priorityto rationality and productivity, so we wanted to transcend the factory typology by incorporating elements that would make the Islamic workers proud of the new working environment they would be facing. Using the power of nature like rain water, sunlight, the wind, geothermal heat and vegetation, we wanted to minimize the production of harmful low carbon expelled to the environment making of the building a sustainable factory.

JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-11-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x471 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa

The plan intends to create a large green roof continuous with the ground extending the earth surface covering the lower functions and spaces.

JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-13-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x905 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa

The roof soil works improving greatly the efficiency of the factory space insolation. The space below is structurally arranged by a forest of hexagonal shaped pillars with a star shaped top derived from the arabesque patterns from Islamic culture, a reference to the surrounding jungle. rain water that pours down the rooftop is pulled into and underground water storage tank through the pipes embedded in the pillars being used cyclically for plants watering.

JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-17-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x955 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa


JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-19-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x954 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa

when flowing into the pond and the wind blows, the rain water that pours down over the rooftop slope, brings a cold breeze to the transitorial space between exterior and interior under the roof. To reduce artificial light as much as possible, the factory is designed to reflect the light that comes from above. Guided by computer simulations, we could predict the amount of skylight reflected and difused by a reflection panel that shares its shape with the arabesque patterns.

JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-24-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x491 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa


JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-25-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x955 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa

A multistory building houses the offices, this building aligned with the east-west axis allows for a minimized effect of a solar radiation projected on its outer wall surface. The slab along the perimeter of the high-rise building is a slope that connects with the ground level a continuous walking path for the workers to practice exercise and improve their health.

JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-34-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x506 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa


JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-36-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x603 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa

The façade is provided with a system of wired with vines, these vines shield from solar radiation by sharping a vertical green wall, this building characteristic. Natural ventilation is carried through the multistory building to the lower spaces thankfully to its high creating a current of air. Combining nature into itself and blendimg with its surroundings it’s the type of factory that can connecr with its region making use of rich environment.

JST-Malaysia-Factory-on-the-earth-By-Ryuichi-Ashizawa-Architect-39-Kaori-Ichikawa-759x506 JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates

© Kaori Ichikawa

Project Data:

Project name: Factory on the earth
Location: Jalan Tanjung A/4, Pelabuhan Tanjung Pelepas, 81550 Gelang Patah, Johor, Malaysia
Coordinates: 1.375570, 103.550187
Type: Factory / Manufactory
Structure: Reinforced Concrete
Project Area: 25,141 sqm
Design Year: 12/2010-12/2011
Construction Period: 12/2011-05/2013
Status: Completed
Completion Year: 2013.5

Awards:

  • 2016 – ArchDaily Building of the Year Award – Category: Industrial Architecture – Winner
  • 2014 – World Architecture Festival Award – Category: Production Energy and Recycling > factories large – Finalist

The people:

Client / Owner / Developer: J.S.T. Mfg. Co., Ltd.
Architects: Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates – Nakajima-BLD.3F,1-1-4 Nakazaki-nishi, Kita-ku, OSAKA, 530-0015, JAPAN
Local Architect: Nakano Construction sdn Bhd
Landscape Architects: Inada Junichi(WIN)
Lighting Design: Izumi Okayasu
Structure Engineer: Nagai pottery Koichi Takuo
Outside Structure: Win
Construction: NAKANO (MALAYSIA) SDN BHD.
Text Description: © Courtesy of Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates, J.S.T. Mfg. Co., Ltd.
Images: © Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates, Kaori Ichikawa

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JST Malaysia Factory on the earth / Ryuichi Ashizawa Architect & Associates
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