Kid University – Ceramics and sustainability: UPI school in Valencia
The Kid University (UPI), an experimental initiative located in a natural setting where kids can develop their creativity and have fun beyond a school context, was proposed by the Municipality of Gandía, Spain and designed by Paredes Pedrosa Arquitectos.
The building creates a sort of enclosure protecting the school activities from the surrounding urban environment while at the same time, together with the enclosed vegetation, defining the optimum climatic strategy for rational functioning of the structure.
The intelligent use of common materials such as ceramics facilitates construction of the building, while at the same time defining a precise architectural identity”. With this words Prof. Thomas Herzog introduced Angela García de Paredes and Ignacio Pedrosa to the public of the Ninth Edition of the International Prize for Sustainable Architecture Award Ceremony.
The award arose from the important international manifestation of the decennial of the foundation of the Ferrara University Architecture Department, held in 2003. Conceived and promoted by the School itself and the Fassa Bortolo, the Award is intended to redirect attention to the necessity of reexamining the relationship between the process of construction and the habitat through the pursuit of compatibility among economic productivity, the safeguarding of resources and the quality of the environment.
Paredes Pedrosa Arquitectos:
The Kid University (UPI school) is an experimental initiative proposed by the Municipality of Gandía. The UPI is not a conventional kindergarten, but a group of specialized classrooms and workshops located in a natural setting where kids can develop their creativity and have fun beyond a school context.
The proposed volume does not alter the Ausías March Park’s layout. Indeed, it respects the position of six existing white mulberry trees, arranging the classrooms around them and shaping a central lobed courtyard. Library, computers, painting, photography, auditorium, theatre and music classrooms are arranged around the mulberry trees. This courtyard is the core of the Kid University, linking open spaces, covered areas and indoor rooms. Towards the exterior, the building exhibits a sober and continuous facade, serving as a sort of palisade, that avoids building up fences.
White coloured ceramic tiles are the material both for facades and roof. There is continuity in the material that builds up the whole exterior of the building. From the outside, the building intends to be a light, white ceramic fence where the shade of the nearby trees is reflected. Vernacular architecture in this Mediterranean area uses ceramic that does not need any maintenance and adapts naturally to its mild climate. In summer it reflects the strong local light and protects inside from high temperatures.
Ceramics are designed as three-dimensional pieces with a can shaped mould that resembles a continuous bamboo fence. The pieces are double faced and the flat side is used for the roof.
In the patio, the facades are built with wooden carpentries painted white, so there is a transparency between inside and outside and all mulberry trees can be seen from the classrooms. In the inside finishings are linoleum for pavements and cork for ceilings as sound absorbent material, combined with the concrete structure walls.
Sustainability is achieved by the own concept of the building. Cost was tight and both structure and construction are finishing’s and conditioning. The interior is shaded from the intense summer sun by the mulberry trees that attenuate solar irradiation and cast scattered shadows to the interior of classrooms. And so artificial light is reduced to the essential. In winter mulberry trees have no leaves and sun and light enter freely in the classrooms. Once spring has transformed the trees and they are full of leaves they become a natural shade for children.
In the outside the ceramic continuous walls bear naturally the patina of time and have no maintenance. The only openings are the entrance fence and a large window overlooking the historical centre. The sloped ceramic roof attenuates solar irradiation and conducts water from rain to the patio and to the trees where a central playground has a circular sand pit and a circular bench for telling stories and outdoor music.
A nearby old water basin is refurbished for children swimming and water games.
Project name: Kid University
Location: Avinguda d’Alacant, 70 46702, Gandía, Valencia, Spain
Coordinates: 38.964783, -0.177413
Program: Kid’s Schools, multiple classrooms and workshops, cafeteria, administration
Floor area: 1075 sqm.
Construction Year: 2010 – 2011
Completion Year: 2011
Client / Owner / Developer: Municipality of Gandía
Architects: Paredes Pedrosa Arquitectos – Madrid, Spain
Project Architects: Angela García de Paredes. Ignacio Pedrosa
Project team: Álvaro Oliver, Álvaro Rábano, Lucía Guadalajara, Ángel Camacho, Laura Pacheco
Technical control: Antonio García Blay
Contractor: Alesa Proyectos y Contratas S.A.
Structure: Alfonso G. Gaite. GOGAITE, S.L.
Mechanical engineer: JG S.A.
Text Description: © Courtesy of Paredes Pedrosa Arquitectos
Images: © Roland Halbe, Luis Asín