Madrid RIO – The green network project in the banks of the Manzanares
An international ideas competition was launched by Madrid city council to restore the traffic liberated spaces. The winning proposal was the project submitted by the team formed by the architecture offices Burgos & Garrido, Porras & La Casta, Rubio & Álvarez Sala and the Dutch office West 8. The winning team was commissioned the redaction of the Spaecial Plan Manzanares River. The team, directed by Ginés Garrido, and formed by Burgos & Garrido Arquitectos, Porras La Casta, RAS and West 8 won in 2005 the international competition to create an urban project for the liberated land resulting after the burial of the highway. The project, already finished, connects Madrid with the valuable landscapes around the city.
The city of Madrid dug 43 kilometres of tunnels into which the exit routes and motorways of the six-kilometre section along the River Manzanares disappeared. West 8, working together with MRIO arquitectos, a joint venture of three Madrid based firms (Burgos & Garrido, Porras La Casta and Rubio Álvarez-Sala), designed the master plan for the reclaimed riverbanks and the new urban area. Development plans were then prepared for the individual components: Salón de Pinos, Avenida de Portugal, Huerta de la Partida, Jardines de Puente de Segovia, Jardines de Puente de Toledo, Jardines de la Virgen del Puerto and Arganzuela Park.
The most important of which include: the Salón de Pinos, designed as a linear green space, which will link the existing and newly designed urban spaces with each other along the Manzanares River, located almost entirely on top of the motorway tunnel, with a “choreography” of the 8.000-fold pine tree planting with a repertoire of cuts. Avenida de Portugal, one of the most important roads into the centre of Madrid, relocated in a tunnel and providing underground parking, converting the space into a garden, benefitting the local residents in particular with cherry. Huerta de la Partida, the old Royal Palace is now a modern interpretation of the orchard and a wide variety of fruit trees in groups, formed from skipping ranks. For the Arganzuela Park, the dominating motive is the water.
The canalized and damped river Manzanares is surrounded by his architectonical walls. The different streams have their own characters. Puentes Cascara, sevring as bridges and iconic landmark, creates a place where the river is really experienced. They are designed as a massive concrete dome with a rough texture which have the scale of park elements with more than one hundred cables resembling whale baleens wearing the slim steel deck and the ceilings of a mosaic by artist Daniel Canogar. The first parts were completed in spring 2007 and in spring 2011 the project has approached its completion.
What is Madrid Río?
The municipality of Madrid, with the aim of recovering the banks of the Manzanares, incorporating the land released to bury the M-30, decided to convene an international ideas competition also serve to rekindle the debate about public space in cities.
The competition was organized in two phases: the first, open-ended, concluded with the selection of two projects submitted by teams in Madrid: the José María Ezquiaga and led by Ginés Garrido-composed studies Burgos / Garrido, Porras / La Casta and Rubio / Alvarez-Sala, along with Dutch landscape of West 8 -. Both projects were added to a second phase to compete with those of the six studies who attended by invitation: Peter Eisenman, Herzog and de Meuron, Dominique Perrault, Sejima and Nishizawa and Baldeweg Lapeña and Torres Martinez.
Finally the winner was the team Garrido, with a proposed “ecological vocation of clear fundamental objective pursued recover the continuity of forests near Madrid, creating a seamless system of green areas in the river which serves as the backbone in the recomposition today a fragmented territory ”
In June 2008, the Government Department of Planning of the City of Madrid presented a plan for the recovery of the Manzanares River, restoring the natural habitat of the environment for the enjoyment of residents. Titled MadridRío Project, the plan became a reality thanks to the 30th Street project, initiated in September 2004, by which soterraba the M30 ring road. The river and its banks have been transformed into a park and a wide promenade, providing access to the river to residents who were previously separated from it by the road.
Objectives and background:
The Madrid Rio project and Calle 30 were conducted in parallel to recover 101 acres of linear park, allowing the creation of an ecological corridor with a total area of 2,961 hectares of land in Madrid. In the 70s, Madrid had become one of the most developed European cities and built a ring road encircling the city and destroyed the river banks. In 2004, the Government of the City of Madrid decided to reverse this situation and develop a plan to reconnect the river with the city center, burying the highway and recovering the natural landscape with green areas and gardens.
The main objective of the project was to regain Madrid Río river and adjacent banks as parks and green spaces for residents. The objectives included:
- Creating new green spaces along the banks of the Manzanares river.
- Engaging the citizens of Madrid in the development of this new public space, encouraging citizen participation and providing information on how projects can be linked to other cultural, sports and leisure center.
- Improve urban integration between the city center and the districts south and west, transforming the Manzanares river a barrier in a meeting point for citizens, connecting residents and facilities.
- Improve the conditions of the river water and ensuring not to spill toxic products, reducing pollution.
- Improve mobility, release the city center of excess traffic, reducing journey times and accidents.
- Both projects were designed to revitalize damaged and abandoned areas of Madrid and recover the lost beauty of the city.
Directed by Ginés Garrido and formed by an association of architectural Madrid: Mrio architects (Burgos & Garrido, Porras & La Casta and Rubio & Álvarez-Sala) in collaboration with the Dutch study West 8. Its fundamental principle is to connect Madrid with valuable foreign territories that surround it (most notably Brown Mount the north and the fertile cultivated south). The system infrastructure and rings that enclosed the city, made it impossible to continuous connection between the urban and the natural environment. With the development of the proposal, the Manzanares River becomes the connection point between the two environments, through the construction of a woodland corridor along its banks and the implementation of various bridges and walkways that link neighborhoods and exceed transversely major infrastructure traffic that prevented contact.
As the architects explain:
- Facing the problem before us can be approached in the wrong direction, thinking the river is an accident of the city. Nothing is further from reality, the city is one of the events themselves the river. The proposal responds to this dimension and acts from a geographical area, understanding that it will negotiate with a biological continuum, a vector that can be segregated by the old rural-urban duo.
- The flow of water and its area of influence, the biological field that generates River, presents a sequence of events that many city dwellers do not know or can guess. This active field, the valley of the Manzanares, should be assessed from north to south, from the mountains with snow that can persist in April, to the plains that seem to snippets of the desert, near its mouth. It is essential to consider all this unit as an object of study and area of the proposal. Any other area it seems lack of sight, almost blind to reality promising.
Fabricating a landscape:
- Network landscapes linking river basin consists of multiple events of varying complexity, some startling as rock outcrops of the Pedriza, dense meadow of the Monte de El Pardo or fertile plain near the Jarama. This diverse and intense body should be offered to the city as the value of the latter may participate if vehicular connections acquire the same degree of continuity than the river itself.
- The landscape of Madrid will be incorporated into the landscape of the Manzanares, the city opens from the center to the natural environment. Centre is understood today as the intersection between the built fabric and river biological field. The edges of this intersection will soften or harden to create close relationships between water, the banks, the old suburb on the right bank and the historic town on the left. No treatment is to propose a channel edge but working on a profile which involves natural, artificial, broad and constricted, where what matters is not so much the course of the thread of water like wide wetland that this occurs.
Phases and performance schedule:
This urban transformation plan is configured in two phases:
- Phase 1: 30th Street Project – Planning and construction of the longest urban tunnel in the world, burying the M30 ring road, which forms a ring around the city, and installing ventilation systems filter to remove pollution from vehicles flowing through the tunnel.
- Phase 2: Madrid River Project – The design and implementation of a new linear park along the banks of the Manzanares reconnecting the two sides of the city and allows pedestrian access to the river.
Madrid Río make an environmental axis from the Monte del Pardo to Getafe and restores the area to create new green space, parks, play areas and recreational spaces. Integra also a new urban park with existing parks and create an ecological corridor totaling 2,961 hectares.
The 30th Street project involved five main elements:
- Construction of a new tunnel of 4.5 kilometers, along the river banks and 1.5 kilometers below the Avenida de Portugal.
- Construction of a new tunnel at the intersection 3.8 miles north, postponed to a second phase.
- Renovation of all national highways intersections.
- Creating six new outlets and paths along the ring.
- Construction of a double tunnel ring 3.5 kilometers long, connecting the east and west sides of the city.
The Madrid Rio Project involves 142 individual plans, divided into five categories:
- Continuity Sox: Plans for accessibility as the Pine or renewal of Avenida de Portugal.
- Open Spaces: Plans reforestation and creation of tree cover and the designation of protected areas.
- River: Plans to make more accessible the Manzanares River, across bridges, walkways, docks and pontoons.
- Urban services: Plans to provide equipment and enable activities such as sports, educational programming, cultural events and sanitation. Also renovate existing facilities.
- Roads: Plans to improve the road network, establish new signage, provide greater pedestrian access via sidewalks, building bike paths and provide space for parking.
The Madrid-Rio Project involves the following construction plans:
- They have created 54 miles of walkways with 30 miles of new bicycle paths.
- 33 bridges, dams and bridges: 6 bridges renewed, 13 former prisoners and rehabilitated bridges, and built 12 new bridges for pedestrians and cyclists, who were added to the two existing bridges and the two paths.
- Historic stone bridges, such as the Segovia Bridge, King’s Bridge and the Bridge of Toledo, have been restored.
- A green walk 6 kilometers long and 25 meters wide on the west bank of Pine Walk.
- They have planted more than 33,550 and has created a large green area to join the urban gardens of the Campo del Moro (near the Royal Palace) and the House, and 460 054 new shrubs.
- 17 new playgrounds, three spaces for seniors and 253,601 m2 designed for sports, including 43 sports fields and a new jetty for rowing boats.
- Creating new cultural centers.
- Several areas on the banks of the river were expanded to act as dams.
It has improved water quality in the river Manzanares, for the construction of 13 new miles of pipeline, 27 storm tanks and improvements to sewage plants around the river. This will eventually allow the creation of a beach near Slaughterhouse 11,280 meters of renovated water networks and five recycled water tanks with a daily capacity of 5200 cubic meters.
Madrid Río involves a number of significant changes to the streets of the city, especially for those who finish in the river, giving continuity and increasing the number of areas to walk. It has installed new furniture, being provided 250,000 m 2 of new spaces of cultural programming, social and health, along with nine parking areas for residents with a total of 4,303 seats.
In 2010, a second phase of the project Madrid River Project began with an outreach program to the public, three-month, to which were invited representatives of the city to comment and participate in the expansion of the project. The new city focused on public-private partnerships with companies in Madrid, particularly in the sector of construction and infrastructure, to incorporate infrastructure development and remodeling of the adjacent buildings.
Strategies landscape units:
The improvements made can be classified based on three major strategies, differentiated from each other thanks to its longitudinal, transverse and timely:
The Pine Park:
It has a corridor that runs along the right bank. Continuity is essential structure that runs longitudinally the entire park. It is built on the tunnels almost entirely and has an average width of 30 meters and 6 km in length.
On the concrete slab covering the passing cars have planted more than 9,000 units of different species of pine trees, of various sizes, shapes and groups with a framework for forest plantation. The specimens were selected primarily on areas where plants have ability to extract natural morphologies (nonlinear trunks, double trunks, inclined trunks, etc..) Thus we obtain a controlled extension of the pine forests of the mountains in the north Madrid that seem to stretch to the ends of the city. This ride you often valuable urban structures or property. Two examples are the intersections symbolic historic bridges of Segovia (1582) and Toledo (1732). In these enclaves the lounge room reacts as space, extending its boundaries and offering a specific design, with riverside trees and deciduous hedges and rows of stone benches. The activities within the classroom are incorporated with language consistent with its forest character. A clear example of this procedure is formed by the set of children’s play areas, specifically designed as a complete system of natural forms.
It creates a new massive stage definitively linking the historic center (represented by the Royal Palace and the ledge high above the city) with the largest park in Madrid (the House, more than 1,600 hectares). Proposing different solutions with extreme attention facing the context in which they appear.
Linking the historic center and the neighborhood of La Latina with Country House has been closed to pedestrians secular form. The new contact, it is now possible for the disappearance of the underground car has been solved with various interventions that assume the monumental and scenic character of the area, which raised base of the Royal Palace (primordial germ Birth city) contacts the river. Different solutions have been proposed to face with extreme attention the context in which they lie: The “Esplanade of the King”, open esplanade paved with large figurative pattern that serves large atrium at the Casa de Campo. The garden of the game, which is an enclosure in which different grids have planted fruit trees (pear, apple, mulberry, pomegranate, fig, walnut, hazelnut, etc) hosts an extraordinary viewpoint of the ledge. The Avenue of Portugal, turned into a boulevard paved by calceteiros Portuguese and inhabited by four species of cherry, allows the contemplation of a spectacular bloom that stretches more than a month in the spring. Finally, the gardens of La Virgen del Puerto, on the other side of the river, structured by arranging flowerbeds oriented along the axes of the main urban area events: Segovia Bridge, the bridge of the King, the Avenida de Portugal and the door of the King which has been restored and repositioned according to the data available in the historical cartography of Madrid.
The Water Bank. Arganzuela and Slaughterhouse:
Third, the water Rivera, which includes both Arganzuela Park as the center for contemporary creation Matadero. The park is the largest area of intensive landscaping Left Bank. It is designed as a large space in which the river is removed leaving its ancestral footprint. So is organized with different lines that intersect, leaving each other spaces for different uses.
On the Left Bank of the river bed separates the city from the river. The most important example of the proposal on this side is the new Arganzuela Park, built on former grazing pastures of communal use. In this environment was built Municipal Slaughterhouse striking example of post-industrial architecture of the second decade of s. XX. With the burial of the highway, Madrid has now at this point in 33 acres of open spaces form the largest park project. This is designed as a large space in which the river has been removed leaving its ancestral footprint. It is organized with different lines that intersect, as happened grooves for water, leaving each other spaces for different uses. These lines, longitudinal markedly, are the paths of different species that cross the space from north to south.
A more flat and wide (Fast Way), a more sinuous and variable slope (the Way Slow) and a strip paved with lush margins (Arroyo Seco), that structures the center of the park. The construction of the space is conceived as a large grove containing several landscapes, some more natural and more built, configured by a variation of species, heights, densities and textures. Thus the park, conceived as a piece of the river basin, incorporates three botanical areas: Mediterranean forest, Atlantic forest and riparian foliage. The character of these inner landscapes is related to longitudinal paths of the park, with trees that follow the roads and paths, with groves and forests that emerge on the topography. The texture is interspersed with wooded areas planted with aromatic between the paths and the Arroyo Seco. Following the left bank of the river, has a strip wet and green, with a grassy meadow that slopes toward the water. A constellation of ornamental fountains and a set of three blades elliptic pure water introduced this element as narrative material that relates the various associations of vegetation. Interlaced lines that structure the park allow the formation of enclosures in which they have placed major recreational facilities serving users of all ages. It includes a football field 11, two skating rinks and three major playground sets. The park incorporates the set himself dedicated to the creation Matadero contemporary art as a cultural endowment that lives within him. The design of the traces allows us to understand the relationship between Slaughterhouse and the park as a continuum between the river and the city.
The system of bridges over the river:
All this is complemented by a system of bridges to cross promote circulation and prevent the old insulation from both sides, which is solved with 11 new bridges that cross the river, added to the existing 22 together total 33 bridges and walkways to throughout the park.
Implementing Manzanares bridges over takes place as a global, that is, as a set in which each element solves specific problems detected in the surroundings, but also in turn forms part of an integrated cross connectivity According to the relationship between the city and the river. The units of this set are of different character: bridges and dams rehabilitated or recycled existing bridges put rolled the new system of bicycle and pedestrian traffic, unique bridges that are milestones in the course of the river, functional walkways located in the maximum transit nodes transverse and long-span bridges that link the tours of the park with the territories outside the city to the north and south, fulfilling the main aim of the project land.
Among the existing bridges out operation conducted with the seven dams that have been turned into pedestrian walkways through its comprehensive restoration and the addition of a wooden board accessible. Second in this series, it should be noted wheeled recycling bridge of the M-30 across the river south of the Bridge of Segovia, converted into a pedestrian and bicycle bridge that incorporates a slope planted with pines.
- The total project budget Calle 30 was 3.7 billion euros
- The total project budget was 370 million Madrid Río, provided at 42.85% by the City of Madrid, 54% by the Government of Spain and 3.15% for European funds.
The city of Madrid dug 43 kilometres of tunnels into which the exit routes and motorways of the six-kilometre section along the River Manzanares disappeared. West 8, working together with MRIO arquitectos, a joint venture of three Madrid based firms led by Ginés Garrido Colomero, designed the master plan for the reclaimed riverbanks and the new urban area. Development plans were then prepared for the individual components: Salón de Pinos, Avenida de Portugal, Huerta de la Partida, Jardines del Puente de Segovia, Jardines del Puente de Toledo, Jardines de la Virgen del Puerto and Arganzuela Park.
The most important of which include: the Salón de Pinos, designed as a linear green space, which will link the existing and newly designed urban spaces with each other along the Manzanares River, located almost entirely on top of the motorway tunnel, with a”choreography” of the 8.000-fold pine tree planting with a repertoire of cuts.
Avenida de Portugal, one of the most important roads into the centre of Madrid, relocated in a tunnel and providing underground parking, converting the space into a garden, benefitting the local residents in particular with cherry.
Huerta de la Partida, the old Royal Palace is now a modern interpretation of the orchard and a wide variety of fruit trees in groups, formed from skipping ranks. For the Arganzuela Park, the dominating motive is the water. The canalized and damped river Manzanares is surrounded by his architectonical walls. The different streams have their own characters.
Puentes Cascara, sevring as bridges and iconic landmark, creates a place where the river is really experienced. They are designed as a massive concrete dome with a rough texture which have the scale of park elements with more than one hundred cables resembling whale baleens wearing the slim steel deck and the ceilings of a mosaic by artist Daniel Canogar.
The first parts of the project were completed in spring 2007 and in spring 2011 the project has approached its completion.
Project name: Madrid RIO
Location: Madrid, Spain
Type: Riverside, Street / Road / Highways / Bridges
- Total surface of urban intervention: 120Ha
- Sport and recreacional surface: 6Ha (included in the 120Ha above)
Project Year: 2005-2011
Cost: 400 million Euros
Completion Year: 4-2011
Client / Owner / Developer: Municipality of Madrid
- Burgos & Garrido -Aniceto Marinas 100, 3º 28008 Madrid, Spain
- Porras La Casta – Maiquez 20, 28009, Madrid, Spain
- Rubio & Álvarez-Sala -C/ Lagasca 21, 1º derecha, 28001 Madrid, Spain
- West 8 – Schiehaven 13M, 3024 EC Rotterdam, Netherlands
- Design Director: Ginés Garrido
- Team coordinator: Javier Malo de Molina
- Madrid team: Samir Alaoui, Irene Álvarez de Miranda, Jaime Álvarez, Silvia Aydillo, Pierre Banchet, María Bandrés, Araceli Barrero, Carlos Carnicer, Rocío Caro, Almudena Carro, Sergio del Castillo, Alicia Colmenarejo, Isabel Cuellas, Ángeles Fernández, Mateo Fernández, Carlos Fernández, María Jesús Franco, Juan Galbis, Gabriela Galíndez, Pablo García, Elena Garicano, Ignacio Gómez, Eduardo González, Maya González, Gabriela Hombravella, Miguel Ángel López-Mir, Raquel Lozano, Marina del Mármol, Agustín Martín, Alberto Martín, Rocío Martín, Raquel Marugán, Juan José Mateos, Gemma Montánez, Eleucidio Moreno, Víctor Muñoz, María Ángeles Navarro, Matías Nieto, Emilio Ontiveros, María Ortega, Ana Palancarejo, Susana Paz, María Perales, Pedro Pitarch, Nerea del Pozo, Lucía Prado, Jonás Prieto, Pilar Recio, Marta Rogado, Javier Rubio, Eduardo Ruiz de Assín, Ramiro Sánchez, Marco de Simone, Emma Simonsson, Juan Tur, Alfonso Urbano, Elena Verdú, Marta Villamor
- Rotterdam Team: Christian Dobrick, Freek Boerwinkel, Karsten Buchholz, Lennart van Dijk, Juan Figueroa, Michael Gersbach, Madalen Gonzalez, Enrique Ibáñez, Joost Koningen, Sander Lap, Silvia Lupini, Perry Maas, Ricardo Minghini, Eva Recio, Marta Roy, Carlos Saldarriaga, Alexander Sverdlov, Mariana Siqueira y Shachar Zur
General Engineering (Structure and Installations): TYPSA
Specialized Engineering: Fhecor Ingenieros, Gestión de Proyectos
Engineering for Bridges: Fhecor Ingenieros, Gestión de Proyectos, Cesma Ingenieros, NB 35
Playground Consultants: Richter Spielgeräte / BDU
Environmental Engineering: Tecnoma
Lighting Design: ALS
Pedology: Fundación Conde Valle Salazar ETS Ingenieros de Montes Madrid
Botanical Consulting: SC Paisajismo, Fundación Conde Valle Salazar ETS Ingenieros de Montes Madrid
Graphic Design: Gráfica Futura
Text Description: © Courtesy of West 8,
Images: © West 8, Burgos & Garrido, Madrid RIO, Jeroen Musch, Ana Muller, Arganzuela, Jardines Virgen