PARKROYAL on Pickering
Developed by UOL Group’s subsidiary, Pan Pacific Hotels Group Limited, PARKROYAL on Pickering is being designed by internationally acclaimed architectural firm WOHA. The flagship PARKROYAL hotel will boast a hotel-in-a-garden concept that focuses on integrating environmental principles and elements throughout the property.
- A total of 15,000m2 of skygardens, reflecting pools, waterfalls, planter terraces and green walls were designed, extending the green areas from Hong Lim Park and encouraging bio-diversity in the city. This project is awarded Singapore’s Green Mark Platinum, the nation’s highest environmental certification. The hotel officially opened in January 2013.
Located in central Singapore, the site is at a junction between the CBD and the colorful districts of Chinatown and Clarke Quay, and faces Hong Lim Park. A contoured podium responds to the street scale and is sculpted to form dramatic outdoor plazas, gardens and terraces which flow seamlessly into the interiors. Greenery from the park is drawn up the building in the form of lushly planted openings, crevasses, gullies and waterfalls, which also conceal above ground carparking, thus creating an attractive urban element.The crisp and streamlined tower blocks harmonize with surrounding high-rise office buildings.
“Designed as a hotel and office in a garden, the project at Upper Pickering Street is a study of how we can not only conserve our greenery in a built-up high-rise city centre but multiply it in a manner that is architecturally striking, integrated and sustainable.” – WOHA
- The podium houses the above-ground car park, transforming it into a sculptural urban object: its roof becomes a lush landscaped terrace, housing the hotel’s recreational facilities, which include birdcage-shaped cabanas. Above the podium the crisp and streamlined tower blocks harmonize with surrounding high-rise office buildings. They are attenuated into an open-sided courtyard configuration, breaking down the “wall of buildings” effect and maximizing views and daylight.
- With the hotel-in-a-garden concept, the design team introduced extensive amounts of landscaping into the building. Multiple, extensive sky gardens are inserted along the façade, bringing lush greenery directly to the guestrooms and public areas. Corridors, lobbies and common washrooms are designed as garden spaces with stepping stones, planting and water features, which creates an alluring resort ambiance.
- Amongst its other green features are rainwater and natural light harvesting, an energy-efficient air-conditioning system, automatic sensors to regulate energy and water usage as well as carbon monoxide levels, along with solar cells to power landscape lighting. With these features, PARKROYAL on Pickering will effectively reduce surrounding temperatures (through the greenery), enhance air quality and reduce greenhouse gases.
- The gardens and greenery allow an alternative approach to be taken in terms of environmental relief without compromising the amenity of end users. This strategy allows over 50% of guestroom corridors, 100% of office tower lobbies and 100% of office tower common washrooms to become attractive garden spaces, with fresh air, shaded by tropical trees and flanked by water features instead of being 24-hour energy-guzzling airconditioned spaces. As a further point of innovation, these extensive landscape areas are designed to be self-sustaining and rely minimally on precious resources. Rainwater collected from upper floors will be used to irrigate planters on the lower floors by gravity, whilst non-potable NEWater will be used for water features. Solar cell arrays totalling 60 kWp on the roof, which will produce approximately 1% of the total energy use, will power lamps and softscape lighting, making these substantial landscapes Singapore’s first Zero Energy Skygardens.
- The hotel’s skyrise greenery reinforces Singapore’s image as a City in a Garden. Besides being environmentally positive, integrating greenery also adds softness to the hard edges, glass, and concrete of building as well as provides delight and relief for hotel users, passersby, and other city dwellers. The installation of skyrise greenery is also a site-specific response to the facing Hong Lim Park. The park’s greenery is visually swept up OUTSTANDING LEAF CERTIFIED DEVELOPMENTS 2015 Existing Developments the building in the various sky gardens and terraces, creating a contextual and striking architectural form.
- The self-sustaining landscapes rely minimally on precious resources. Rainwater collected from upper floors irrigates the planters on the lower floors by gravity. All water features are also supplemented by non-potable recycled NEWater. Photovoltaic cell arrays on the roof power growth lamps and softscape lighting, making these the first zero-energy sky gardens in Singapore and perhaps the world.
“The design of PARKROYAL on Pickering demonstrates how we can not only conserve greenery in our high-rise city centre but multiply it in a manner that is architecturally striking, integrated and sustainable, “It underpins our garden city image and will set Singapore as a world leader on the stage of green high-rise developments. The soft foliage and sensuous curves of the skygardens will come together with the crisp, streamlined glazed tower forms to create an arresting architecture,” – said Donovan Soon, Senior Associate of WOHA.
Singapore-based WOHA Architects have long been advocates of the ultimate ‘green city’ – one that would be comprised of more vegetation than if it were left as wilderness – and the PARKROYAL on Pickering was designed as a hotel-as-garden that would double the green-growing potential of its site. Adorned by frangipani and palm trees and draped with tropical plants, curvaceous sky-gardens are cantilevered at every fourth level between the blocks of guest rooms. Greenery flourishes throughout the entire complex, and the trees and gardens of the hotel appears to merge with those of the adjoining park as one continuous sweep of urban parkland.
The PARKROYAL on Pickering occupies a long and narrow site on the western edge of the central business district, between Hong Lim Park and the HDB apartment blocks of Chinatown, and overlooks the historic shophouse district between the park and the Singapore River. The development could thus respond to many varied environments, it could provide public connections between those zones, and as the building would be extremely visible, the architects could make a grand (and green) urban gesture.
A twelve-storey tower above a five-storey podium is placed on an E plan, so that all guest rooms look north to the park and/or into the sky gardens, whilst the services and the external connecting corridors were placed on the southern elevation. As the hotel is ‘self-shaded’ – by the projecting sky gardens and the adjacency of the three room-blocks – and shielded from early morning and afternoon sun by adjoining buildings, the rooms could be fully glazed (by low-emissivity glass) without external screening devices.
The podium represents a monumental embellishment to the Singapore streetscape, and has thus immediately achieved something that no other recent building has even attempted in the city. Referred to by WOHA as ‘topographical architecture’, stratified layers of pre-cast concrete weave through a modular grid of cylindrical columns without interruption, and without acknowledgment of the boundaries between exterior and interior. Cascades flow down from swimming pools and garden terraces on the podium roof, over the ‘eroded rock-forms’ of the striated mass, and into crevices and ledges from which trees and vines can thrive.
The PARKROYAL on Pickering is a very public and very Singaporean hotel. The architecture responds specifically to the intricacies of the city – the height of the ubiquitous tree canopies, the size and orientation of the adjoining tower blocks, and the proportions of the historic streetscapes – and retains a human scale at all times, in stark contrast to the generic abstraction of the surrounding office buildings.
Project name: PARKROYAL on Pickering
Location: 3 Upper Pickering Street, Singapore 058289
Coordinates: 1.285656, 103.846448
Type: Hotel, Skyscraper
Hotel Size: 367 Rooms, 104 Parking Spaces
Building Height: 78.6 m
Project Area: 29,811 sqm
Design Inception: December 2007
Start of Construction: December 2009
Cost: approximately S$350 million
Completion Year: 2013
Opening Date: January 2013
Visit PARKROYAL on Pickering’s website: here
Client / Owner / Developer: UOL Group Limited
Management Company: Pan Pacific Hotels Group Limited
Architects: WOHA – 29 Hongkong Street, Singapore 059668
- Wong Mun Summ, Richard Hassell, Donovan Soon, Sim Choon Heok, Toh Hua Jack, Bernard Lee, Amber Dar Wagh, Mappaudang Ridwan Saleh, Evelyn Ng, John Paul Gonzalez, Josephine Isip, Goh Kai Shien, Luu Dieu Khanh, Tan Szue Hann, Alen Low, Pham Sing Yeong, Vanessa Ong, Novita Johana, Andre Kumar Alexander
Main Contractor: Tiong Seng Contractors (Pte) Ltd
- Civil & Structural: TEP Consultants Pte Ltd
- Mechanical & Electrical: BECA Carter Hollings & Ferner (S. E. Asia) Pte Ltd
- Quantity Surveyors: Rider Levett Bucknall LLP
- Lighting Consultant: Lighting Planners Associates (S) Pte Ltd
- Landscape Consultant: Tierra Design (S) Pte Ltd
- Façade Consultant: Meinhardt Facade Technology (S) Pte Ltd
- Greenmark Consultant: LJ Energy Pte Ltd
- Acoustic Consultant: CCW Associates Pte Ltd
- Signage Consultant: Design Objectives Pte Ltd
- Kitchen Consultant: KI Consultant Pte Ltd
Text Description: © Courtesy of WOHA, PARKROYAL
Images: © WOHA, Patrick Bingham-Hall, PARKROYAL, flickr-Erwin Soo, flickr-William