Warsaw National Stadium
The National Stadium Warsaw in Poland was designed as a multipurpose venue for year around entertainment following the 2012 UEFA Championship. It features a complex and elegant cable roof structure able to withstand all weather conditions.
The balance of forces between the outer steel structure and the inner tension ring and radial cables is a visible characteristic of this unique roof structure. It allows for a central needle to feature at the centre of the inner roof, serving as a membrane storage system. The flying mast above the middle of the playing field hosts the broadcasting systems, bearing 190 tons overall.
It is a hybrid mega-structure for the main roof, retractable inner roof, and the basket-like structural façade.
Achieved for first time in stadium history, the all-weather moveable membrane of the retractable roof is mechanically operated and hydraulically stressed, and it slides in a tangential direction to punctually fix itself at the unobstructed radial cables, ensuring a safe and redundant driving mechanism throughout the seventeen minutes of deployment that is required for it to meet the main roof and seal the stadium.
gmp – Architekten von Gerkan Marg und Partner:
In 2012, Poland and Ukraine will be hosting the UEFA European Football Championship. For the occasion, a new national stadium will be built in Warsaw on the existing but crumbling rubble-built Dziesieciolecia Stadium abandoned for sports uses in 1988.
The stadium is in Skaryszewski Park east of the city center on the bank of the Vistula, and will form the heart of a new sports park. The construction of the stadium is divided systematically into two. The stand consists of prefabricated concrete parts. Above this is a steel wire net roof with a textile membrane hung on freestanding steel supports with inclined tie rods.
The interior roof consists of a mobile membrane sail that folds together above the pitch. The video cube with four screens giving optimal sightlines from all seats is also in the middle of the pitch. The top tier is accessed via twelve archshaped, single-flight staircases.
The exterior façade consists of anodized expanded metal that provides another transparent envelope for the actual thermal shell of the interior areas and access steps. The stadium with its exterior façade in the national colors of Poland will stand out in the park as a landmark visible from afar.
After the Euro 2012 competition the stadium can be adapted for multifunctional purposes, from sporting events in the stadium itself, and inside highly adaptable spaces that run separately from the sporting facilities.
Amongst all the buildings in Central and Eastern Europe constructed in 2011, the National Stadium Warsaw, which will host the opening game of EURO 2012 on 8 June.
Project name: Warsaw National Stadium
Location: Warsaw, Poland
Coordinates: 52.239482, 21.045717
Roof surface area: 69,000 m² total, 10,000 m² retractable
VIP seats: 2,600
Competition Year: 2007, 1st Prize
Construction period: 2008–2011
Completion Year: 2012
Client / Owner / Developer: Narodowe Centrum Sportu Sp. z o.o.
Architects: gmp – Architekten von Gerkan Marg und Partner – Elbchaussee 139, 22763 Hamburg, Germany
Project Architect: Volkwin Marg and Hubert Nienhoff with Markus Pfisterer
Project leaders: Markus Pfisterer, Martin Hakiel
Project Staff (design):
- in alphabetical order Stephanie Eichelmann, Claudio Aceituno Husch, Jochen Köhn, Lars Laubenthal, Fariborz Rahimi-Nedjat, Christian Wentzel
Project Staff (execution):
- in alphabetical order Marta Antosik, Carsten Borucki, Lena Brögger, Katarzyna Ciruk, Stefanie Eichelmann, Silke Flaßnöcker, Alberto Franco Flores, Ulrike Geißler, Ruth Gould, Claudio Aceituno Husch, Patrick Klügel, Monika Kwiatkowski, Lars Laubenthal, Marisa Maitert, Ausias José Lobatón Ortega, Lisa Pfisterer, Fariborz Rahimi-Nedjat, Nikolai Reich, Stefan Saß, Florian Schwarthoff, Sonia Taborda, Semra Ugur, Katya Vangelova, Christian Wentzel
Co-operation: with J.S.K Architekci Sp. z o.o.
Structural design roof and façade:
- schlaich bergermann und partner, Stuttgart – Knut Göppert with Knut Stockhusen and Lorenz Haspel
- Konsorcjum Alpine Bau Deutschland AG, Alpine Bau GmbH, Alpine Construction Polska Sp. z o.o., Hydrobudowa Polska S.A. i PBG S.A.
HTW, Hetzel, Tor-Westen + Partners, Biuro Projektów “DOMAR”
Lighting design: Lichtvision Berlin, Dr. Karsten Ehling, Dr. Thomas Müller
Wayfinding system: Wangler & Abele, Munich
Text Description: © Courtesy of gmp – Architekten von Gerkan Marg und Partner, schlaich bergermann und partner
Images: © Krystian Trela, Marcus Bredt